Based on the 2016 Canadian Census, Statistics Canada provided a new portrait of Canada’s population. With a total population of 35,151,728, Canada’s population growth rate (5%) was the strongest amongst its G-7 peers. About two-thirds of that growth was due to continued strong immigration into the country, with the balance due to natural increase (the difference between births and deaths). In fact, Statistics Canada predicts that population growth will be largely due to immigrant rather than natural increase given continued low fertility and an aging population.
The other striking feature of the newest population data is the regional distribution of population. Reflecting earlier census periods, population growth was the slowest in the Atlantic provinces, in part due to departure of individuals for western provinces. In fact, the share of the population living in Canada’s four Atlantic provinces declined between 2011 and 2016. Population growth was the strongest in western provinces, where the recent resource boom has attracted people from across the country. The five fastest growing Census Metropolitan Areas (areas with a population greater than 100,000) were found in Western Canada.
Read the Statistics Canada report here: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170208/dq170208a-eng.htm?HPA=1